lifetime

Our planet has about 900 different species of crickets. They all come with a short existence. And cannot live more than a year.

great vision

Crickets are said to have compound eyes and great vision. Their eyes enable them to look in different directions at one time.

sensitive ears

Crickets have highly sensitive ears located right under the knees, on their front legs. Just a millimeter long or so, cricket’s ears are one of the tiniest of any animal in the world.

Their sound,

“Criket … criKet … criket”

Crickets are grasshopper-like creatures with flattened bodies. Crickets are often confused with grasshoppers because of a similarly structured body and large jumping legs. Unlike grasshoppers, crickets have their cylindrical bodies (1 to 2 inches long maximum), segmented in parts. A spherical head is paired with pointy long antennas (feelers). Both female and male crickets come with two forewings (stiff) and two hindwings (used for flying), covering their abdominal part. At the end of abdomen, you will find two pointy spikes known as cerci (abdominal sensory appendages). Its hind legs (that aid them in jumping and flying), along with three-jointed tarsal, are visibly stronger than the ones in front. Crickets come in red, green, black and light brown color.

They got this name because ‘cricket’ sounds quite similar to the chirps they usually produce. Cricket is not the original word. This word is derived from an old French word, ‘crequet’. From crequet, it became ‘creket’ (a middle English word) and later it ended up on cricket.

Their mating session starts

with a mating dance

This dance involves a unique mating chirp to allure the female partner. This whole session may last till the joining of the female partner. To receive the sperm packet from the male, the female cricket mounts on male’s back. As the spermatophore gets transferred into female organ, female leaves. Quite interestingly, a female cricket can mate for a number of times with several partners. She can eat or remove that sperm packet if she wants. And it’s purely on her will to decide which spermatophore she wants in her body, eventually. A female may lay eggs anywhere, in the plant’s stem, in dark places or deep down in the soil. Eggs will stay there for about two weeks. As the eggs are hatched (in spring), baby crickets (nymphs) will emerge. Most interestingly, baby crickets molt or shed their skin to grow.

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What . where . hOw . ?

. . . ?

What do they eat? Being omnivores, they normally rely on dead plants, fungi and other plants material. In rare cases, they may eat dead or injured crickets or insects like ants and aphids.

Where do they live? Crickets are usually found in summer season. They live in a number of places. These may include - scrub forests, fields, plants, caves, trees, dark and humid areas, pastures, yard debris, under or over the ground and under the rocks.

What are cricket predators? Animals like lizards, tortoise, spiders, salamanders, wasps, rodents, frogs and even some species of birds eat crickets. The nutritional value (protein-enriched) of crickets has made them a favorite edible item for humans as well (especially the hunters look for them in the wild). Thus the food chain continues.

How do they communicate? Stirdulation (chirping) is their way to communicate. They chirp to attract their females or to show their anger for rival male crickets. These insects produce this specific sound by rubbing their wings together. Each wing of crickets contains a comb-like set of teeth (50 to 300 teeth in each set). When one wing is rubbed against the other, it causes stirdulation.

When in groups,

these crickets are named, ‘orchestra’

Crickets are known

for their musical chirping sounds. But only male crickets chirp. Some species of crickets are mute.

Male crickets

are known for their chivalric attitude for their female partners who are carrying their eggs. They would protect their females, even at the expense of their own lives.

Cricket’s chirp

might be helpful in knowing the temperature outside. As crickets tend to chirp more when it is hotter outside.

Crickets use

their long antennas to find their food and to detect any danger.